English (UK). English · Français · Deutsch. Follow Us. Visit Jersey Logo · Sign in | Sign up · My wishlist. English (UK). English · Français · Deutsch. Follow Us. Date: Size: 20 x 15 inches. Published: London Description: Four maps on one sheet of Jersey, Guernsey, Lindisfarne and Holy Island. First edition in. File:Uk map jersey and babae.us Source, Image:British Isles United babae.us Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.
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Archaeology of the Channel Islands and Jersey Dolmens The earliest evidence of human activity in Jersey dates to aboutyears ago before Jersey became an island when bands of nomadic hunters used the caves at La Cotte de St Brelade as a base for hunting mammoth and woolly rhinoceros.
Evidence dating from the Ice Age period of engravings dating from at least 12, BC have been found,   showing occupation by Homo sapiens. Evidence also exists of settled communities in the Neolithic period, which is marked by the building of the ritual burial sites known as dolmens. The number, size, and visible locations of these megalithic monuments especially La Hougue Bie have suggested that social organisation over a wide area, including surrounding coasts, was required for the construction.
Archaeological evidence also shows that trading links with Brittany and the south coast of England existed during this time. List of hoards in the Channel Islands Evidence of occupation and wealth has been discovered in the form of hoards. Induring construction of a house in Saint Helier, a g gold torc of Irish origin was unearthed. A Bronze Age hoard consisting of implements, mostly spears and swords, was discovered in Saint Lawrence in - probably a smith's stock.
The hoard is thought to have belonged to a Curiosolitae tribe fleeing Julius Caesar 's armies around 50 to 60 BC. The tradition that the island was called Caesarea by the Romans appears to have no basis in fact. The Roman name for the Channel Islands was I.
Lenuri Lenur Islands : Tradition has it that Saint Helier from Tongeren in modern-day Belgium first brought Christianity to the island in the 6th century, part of the walls of the Fishermen's Chapel dates from this period and Charlemagne sent his emissary to the island at that time called Angia, also spelt Agna  in A chapel built aroundnow forms part of the nave of the Parish Church of St Clement.
Normans[ edit ] The island took the name Jersey as a result of Viking activity in the area between the 9th and 10th centuries. The Channel Islands remained politically linked to Brittany untilwhen William LongswordDuke of Normandy seized the Cotentin and the islands and added them to his domain; inDuke William II of Normandy defeated Harold at Hastings to become king of England; however, he continued to rule his French possessions as a separate entity,  as fealty was owed as a Duke, to the King of France.
According to the Rolls of the Norman Exchequer, in Jersey was divided for administrative purposes into three ministeria: The Feudal Age[ edit ] Mont Orgueil dominates the small harbour of Gorey and guards Jersey from attack from the French coast opposite From onwards, the Channel Islands ceased to be a peaceful backwater and became a potential flashpoint on the international stage between England and France.
The claim was based upon his position as feudal overlord of the Duke of Normandy. The King of England gave up claim to mainland Normandy and appointed a Warden, a position now termed Lieutenant Governor of Jersey and a bailiff to govern in his stead.
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The Channel Islands were never absorbed into the Kingdom of England. However the churches in Jersey were left under the control of the Diocese of Coutances for another years. There was no attempt to introduce English law. These titles have different meanings and duties to those in England. This was needed as the Island had few defences and had previously been suppressed by a fleet commanded by a French exile, Eustace the Monk working with the English King until in he changed sides and raided the Channel Islands on behalf of the French King.
During the Hundred Years' Warthe island was attacked many times  resulting in the formal creation of the Island Militia inwhich was compulsory for the next years for all men of military age. In Marcha French force landed on Jersey, intent on capturing the island. Inthe French returned, allegedly with 8, men in 17 Genoese galleys and 35 French ships.
Again, they failed to take the castle and, after causing damage, withdrew. The change in England to a written language in "English" was not taken up in Jersey, where Norman-French continued until the 20th-century. His troops succeeded in breaching the outer defences, forcing the garrison back to the keep. The garrison came to an agreement that they would surrender if not relieved by Michaelmas and du Guesclin sailed back to Brittany, leaving a small force to carry on the siege.
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An English relief fleet arrived in time. The island was held by the French untilwhen Yorkist forces and local militia were able to recapture the castle. Reformation to the civil war[ edit ] During the 16th century, ideas of the reformation of the church coupled with the split with the Catholic Faith by Henry VIII of Englandresulted in the islanders adopting the Protestant religion, in the churches moved under the control of the Diocese of Winchester.
Laws were strictly enforced, punishment for wrong doers was severe, but education was improved. The island militia was reorganised on a parish basis and each parish had two cannon which were usually housed in the church - one of the St Peter cannon can still be seen at the bottom of Beaumont Hill. At first sight, the coastline appears wildly inaccurate, but if the image is rotated a little clockwise, the shape becomes much closer to what is known today.
One of the favourable trade deals with England was the ability to import wool England needing an export market but was at war with most of Europe. The name "Jersey" synonymous for a sweater, shows its importance. The islanders also became involved with the Newfoundland fisheries at this time. Colonies were established in Newfoundland. Civil War, interregnum and restoration[ edit ] See also: The Prince of Wales, the future Charles II visited the island in and again in October following the trial and execution of his father, Charles I.
In the Royal Square in St. Helier on 17 FebruaryCharles was publicly proclaimed king after his father's death following the first public proclamation in Edinburgh on 5 February In recognition for all the help given to him during his exile, Charles II gave George CarteretBailiff and governor, a large grant of land in the American colonies, which he promptly named New Jerseynow part of the United States of America.
Companies such as Robins and the Le Boutilliers set up thriving businesses. By the s, a discrepancy in coinage values between Jersey and France was threatening economic stability. The Roman name for the Channel Islands was I. Lenuri Lenur Islands and is included in the Peutinger Table : Gallo-Roman culture was adopted to an unknown extent in the islands.
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Samson of DolHelierMarculf and Magloire are among saints associated with the islands. In the sixth century, they were already included in the diocese of Coutances where they remained until reformation. The islands were inhabited by Britons the people who also inhabited WalesWest Countryand nearby Brittanyhaving emigrated from Britain in the face of invading Anglo-Saxons. From the beginning of the ninth century, Norse raiders appeared on the coasts.
Norse settlement succeeded initial attacks, and it is from this period that many place names of Norse origin appear, including the modern names of the islands. Inhis successor, Henry III of Englandby the Treaty of Parisofficially surrendered his claim and title to the Duchy of Normandy, while the King of France gave up claim to the Channel Islands, which was based upon his position as feudal overlord of the Duke of Normandy.
Since then, the Channel Islands have been governed as possessions of the Crown and were never absorbed into the Kingdom of England and its successor kingdoms of Great Britain and the United Kingdom.
The islands were invaded by the French inwho held some territory until It was retaken by the Yorkists in In a Papal bull decreed that the islands would be neutral during time of war. This privilege of neutrality enabled islanders to trade with both France and England and was respected until when it was abolished by Order in Council following the Glorious Revolution in Great Britain. Control by the bishop of Winchester was ineffectual as the islands had turned overwhelmingly Calvinist and the episcopacy was not restored until in Jersey and in Guernsey.
The grant of seigneurship from Elizabeth I of England in forms the basis of Sark's constitution today. From the seventeenth century[ edit ] Main article: Channel Islands in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms During the Wars of the Three KingdomsJersey held out strongly for the Royalist cause, providing refuge for Charles, Prince of Wales in and —, while the more strongly Presbyterian Guernsey more generally favoured the parliamentary cause although Castle Cornet was held by Royalists and did not surrender until October Islanders became involved with the Newfoundland fisheries in the seventeenth century.
In recognition for all the help given to him during his exile in Jersey in the s, Charles II gave George CarteretBailiff and governor, a large grant of land in the American colonies, which he promptly named New Jerseynow part of the United States of America.
Many of the town domiciles existing today were built in that time.