The Philippines is inhabited by more than ethnolinguistic nations, the majority of whose .. Palawan is home to many indigenous peoples whose origins date back thousands of centuries. Pre-historic discoveries reveal how abundant. Project Gutenberg's A History of the Philippines, by David P. Barrows This eBook is . It had but little contact with other races of men and almost no knowledge of of Voyages, and there is a good Spanish translation and edition of recent date. Jan 15, We are short of men population. More girls than boys. Another reason, Filipino girls like to improve their races as they love the white skin and the look of western .
Demographics of the Philippines - Wikipedia
The ancestors of modern Southeast Asian people arrived from Tibet and China about 2, years ago, displacing the aboriginal groups that occupied the land first. They subsisted on rice and yams which they may have been introduced to Africa. In the Philippines, Austronesian-speaking people probably began arriving around B.
After that they came in successive waves. The early people are believed to have migrated from south China through Taiwan and into Luzon and then followed he Cagayan River Valley. Pottery and stone tools of southern Chinese origin dating back to B. The same artifacts have been found in archeological sites in the Philippines dating back to B.
FILIPINO MEN: MACHISMO, HENPECKED HUSBANDS AND SUDDEN UNEXPECTED DEATH | Facts and Details
Because there were no land bridges linking China or Taiwan with the Philippines, one must conclude that ocean-going vessels were used to get to the Philippines. Genetic studies indicate that the closest genetic relatives of the Maori of New Zealand—which is very long way from any Ice Age land bridges— are found in Taiwan. Southern Chinese culture, agriculture and domesticated animals pigs, chickens and dogs is believed to have spread from the Philippines through the islands of Indonesia to the islands north of New Guinea.
Later southern Chinese culture spread eastward across the uninhabited islands of the Pacific, reaching Easter Island 10, miles from China around A. The express train hypothesis, a well-accepted theory on the origin of Austronesian Diamondpostulates that Proto-Austronesian originated in Taiwan and began to expand southward ca — years ago, by way of the Philippines and eastern Indonesia, and eventually navigated eastward to Micronesia and Polynesia.
Pertaining to East Asian diversity studies, the hypothesis of Taiwanese origin referred to as the Taiwan homeland hypothesis requires careful examination.
Surprisingly, there is a virtual absence of the Formosan haplotypes in Micronesia and Polynesia. However, the presence of all the Polynesian, Micronesian and Formosan haplotypes in Southeast Asians suggested that Southeast Asians might be the ancestral population for Formosan and Polynesian Su et al.
In addition, a new sub-haplogroup B4a1a was defined according to the sequence data, which supported the origin of Polynesian migration as being from Taiwan Trejaut et al. One explanation for the inconsistent results, mainly between the NRY evidence and the mtDNA data, is that the migration pattern of the Proto-Austronesian populations may be different for the paternal and maternal lineages.
As people of Chinese origin moved across Asia they displaced and mixed with the local people, mostly hunter-gatherers whose tools and weapons were no match against of those the Chinese. It is also likely that many of the indigenous people died form diseases introduced by the people from China just as the original inhabitants of America were killed off by European diseases for which they had no resistance.
Even these Negritos adopted Chinese-influenced languages. The ancestors of the hunter-gatherers lives on in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands and other Pacific islands. Not everyone agrees with these theories. There is some evidence that the earliest known agriculture and earliest metal working took place in Southeast Asia. Benedict is author of Austro-Thai Language and Culture. In addition to their artistic and historical value the enigmatic carvings also offer a glimpse into the life the some of the Philippines oldest people.
Little else is known about the figures in the art, or the people who etched them. Situated on a small rock wall they comprise engravings of people, animals and geometric shapes. Mynardo Macaraig of AFP wrote: It's a recording of our ancestors," said Leo Batoon, a senior researcher of the National Museum. Museum scientists believe the carvings date back to BC, based on carving tools and pottery shards discovered at the site, indicating they originated before the use of metal tools.
This makes them far older than the country's second oldest known artworks, a series of geometric shapes in the mountainous northern Philippines that are believed to date to BC, according to Batoon. Little else is known about the figures, or the people who etched them. One clue is that many of the human carvings appear to be in a squatting position, which has led scientists to theorise that the area was a place of worship.
Since then, they have been known as "the Angono Petroglyphs," after Francisco's hometown nearby. Despite their rich importance to the nation's history, the carvings are not a major tourist attraction. The national museum has constructed a small wooden viewing deck so visitors can get a good look at the petroglyphs without getting close enough to deface them, but there is little else to attract.
Tattoo artist Myke Sambajon did make the trip from Manila recently with his friends to see the carvings and said it was worth the long motorcycle ride despite being initially disheartened by rudimentary nature of the tourist site. We realised we also have an ancient history. But that has done little to stem the powerful tide of neglect. But most of the trees have since been chopped down to make way for the country's fast-growing population, with a holiday resort, a golf course and upper-class housing now surrounding the rock wall.
A real estate developer owns the land on which the petroglyphs sit. He donated the hillside on which the carvings are located back to the national museum but allowed only a small buffer zone, and a road runs just 10 metres 33 feet from the carvings. The poorly funded national museum cannot afford to pay for adequate security so vandalism is also a constant worry. People have scrawled their names on the rock and there are slash marks on some carvings that archaeologists have determined were only made recently.
Mining at a nearby gravel pit a few years ago also shook the ancient site, Roden Santiago, a national museum guide, told AFP. Fortunately, after the museum made a request, the pit owners found a less threatening way to extract their minerals, according to Santiago, but he fears the foundations of the rock wall face more threats.
He said planned new housing developments nearby would mean more underground pipes, which could weaken the hillside. The water was the kingdom of the god Maguayan, and the sky was ruled by the great god Captan.
Maguayan had a daughter called Lidagat, the sea, and Captan had a son known as Lihangin, the wind. The gods agreed to the marriage of their children, so the sea became the bride of the wind.
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Three sons and a daughter were born to them. The sons were called Licalibutan, Liadlao, and Libulan; and the daughter received the name of Lisuga. Ginn and Company,pp. Their parents were very fond of them, and nothing was wanting to make them happy. After a time Lihangin died and left the control of the winds to his eldest son Licalibutan. The faithful wife Lidagat soon followed her husband, and the children, now grown up, were left without father or mother.
However, their grandfathers, Captan and Maguayan, took care of them and guarded them from all evil. After a time, Licalibutan, proud of his power over the winds, resolved to gain more power, and asked his brothers to join him in an attack on Captan in the sky above. At first they refused; but when Licalibutan became angry with them, the amiable Liadlao, not wishing to offend his brother, agreed to help.
Then together they induced the timid Libulan to join in the plan. When all was ready the three brothers rushed at the sky, but they could not beat down the gates of steel that guarded the entrance. Then Licalibutan let loose the strongest winds and blew the bars in every direction. The brothers rushed into the opening, but were met by the angry god Captan.
So terrible did he look that they turned and ran in terror; but Captan, furious at the destruction of his gates, sent three bolts of lightning after them. The first struck the copper Libulan and melted him into a ball. The second struck the golden Liadlao, and he too was melted. The third bolt struck Licalibutan, and his rocky body broke into many pieces and fell into the sea. So huge was he that parts of his body stuck out above the water and became what is known as land.
In the meantime the gentle Lisuga had missed her brothers and started to look for them. She went toward the sky, but as she approached the broken gates, Captan, blind with anger, struck her too with lightning, and her silver body broke into thousands of pieces. Captan then came down from the sky and tore the sea apart, calling on Maguayan to come to him and accusing him of ordering the attack on the sky.
Soon Maguayan appeared and answered that he knew nothing of the plot as he had been asleep far down in the sea. After a time he succeeded in calming the angry Captan. Together they wept at the loss of their grandchildren, especially the gentle and beautiful Lisuga; but with all their power they could not restore the dead to life. However, they gave to each body a beautiful light that will shine forever.
And so it was that golden Liadlao became the sun, and copper Libulan the moon, while the thousands of pieces of silver Lisuga shine as the stars of heaven. To wicked Licalibutan the gods gave no light, but resolved to make his body support a new race of people. So Captan gave Maguayan a seed, and he planted it on the land, which, as you will remember, was part of Licalibutan's huge body.
Soon a bamboo tree grew up, and from the hollow of one of its branches a man and a woman came out.
The man's name was Sicalac, and the woman was called Sicabay. They were the parents of the human race. Their first child was a son whom they called Libo; afterwards they had a daughter who was known as Saman. Pandaguan was a younger son and he had a son called Arion.
Pandaguan was very clever and invented a trap to catch fish. The very first thing he caught was a huge shark. When he brought it to land, it looked so great and fierce that he thought it was surely a god, and he at once ordered his people to worship it. Soon all gathered around and began to sing and pray to the shark.
EARLY HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINES
Suddenly the sky and sea opened, and the gods came out and ordered Pandaguan to throw the shark back into the sea and to worship none but them.
Song dynasty traders visited Ma-i annually, and their accounts described Ma-i's geography, trade products, and the trade behaviors of its rulers. The official history of the Song dynasty next refers to the Rajahnate of Butuan c.
Butuan attained prominence under the rule of Rajah Sri Bata Shaja,  who was from a Buddhist ruling-class governing a Hindu nation. This state became powerful due to the local goldsmith industry and it also had commercial ties and a diplomatic rivalry with the Champa civilization. Historian Efren Isorena has asserted that Visayan raiding parties conducted raids on the port cities of southern China between A. Its founding datu, Puti, had purchased land for his new realms from the aboriginal Ati hero, Marikudo.
The people of Madja-as conducted resistance movements against the Hindu and Islamic invaders that arrived from the west. Sri Lumay was sent by the Chola Maharajah to invade Madja-as, but he rebelled and formed his own independent rajahnate.
This state grew wealthy by making use of the inter-island shipping within the archipelago. However, they failed to establish a foothold in the Visayas islands which was populated by Srivijayan loyalists who waged incessant guerrilla warfare against them.
Eventually, Luzon regained independence from Majapahit during the Battle of Manila and the then Rajahnate of Sulu also reestablished independence and in vengeance, assaulted the Majapahit province of Poni Brunei before a fleet from the capital drove them out. Eventually, in the face of these Islamic conversions, the remnants of Hindu Majapahit fled to the island of Bali.
He was also the head of an armada which traded and protected commerce between the Indian Oceanthe Strait of Malaccathe South China Sea and the medieval maritime principalities of the Philippines.
The sultanate form of government extended further into Lanao.